From the book
Paramagnetism: Rediscovering Nature's Secret Force of
by Philip S. Callahan
Paramagnetism is a
physical force. It is the driving force behind
Not a hard-to-grasp spiritual essence, but a force that is
identified and detailed in every physics handbook in the
world. The knowledge of this force by the ancients is
the atoms or molecules of the substance have net orbital or
spin magnetic moments that are capable of being aligned in
the direction of the applied field - (Dictionary of
what in plain language, does this definition of
First we must define
the term magnetic moment. If you spin a fixed
magnet in the center of a loop of wire, you generate
electricity in the wire, creating an electric generator.
Magnetic moment is the ration between the maximum torque
exerted on a magnet or current-carrying coil, or the charge
in a magnetic field, and the strength of the field itself.
Since atoms and molecules spin, rotate, and vibrate in all
kinds of predictable directions depending on their makeup,
they are in effect, little dynamic generators displaying
both field strength and torque (torque = rotating power in a
mechanism). In summary, magnetic moment is the ratio of the
strength of the magnetic field to rotating power.
It is obvious that
the earth and cosmos itself has a magnetic moment since it
has a low-energy magnetic field of about ½ gauss. Gauss
is the CGS unit of magnetic flux. CGS means
Centimeter, Grams, Seconds. Put quite simply, if you have
one gram of a substance, on centimeter from a magnet, in
what part of one second will it move to the magnet? Put
another way, what weight of a paramagnetic material will
move one centimeter to a magnet in one second?
including soil or rock, that will move toward a magnet is
paramagnetic. If you can measure the CGS of a substance then
you will know the measure of its attractance force to
magnet. CGS is known as susceptibility because it
is obvious that if a substance moves to a magnet, then it is
susceptible to a magnetic field. Other ways to say it are
that the substance is attracted to magnet field, or
resonating to the field or grabbed hold of by the field, or
even loves the field!
If a paramagnetic
substance is placed in a strong magnetic field, all of the
field lines will eventually line up, as illustrated:
In nature, all
substances are in a weak cosmic magnetic field, which is the
earth's ever-present ½ gauss, therefore they are aligned
They are then not
completely random, or, as mathematicians might say, in a
complete chaotic arrangement. That is why chaotic
mathematics is so important to a study of paramagnetism.
Take heed chaotic mathematicians. Once place in a strong
magnetic field like the electromagnetic coil of a CGS meter,
they become more aligned. The measure of the more aligned is
the measure of the paramagnetic force, or the CGS measure.
Now that we know that
paramagnetism is the alignment of a force field in one
direction by a substance in a magnetic field, then we must
ask, what is diamagnetism? The Dictionary of
Chemistry defines diamagnetism as follows:
"Diamagnetism is the magnetization in the opposite direction
to that of the applied magnetic field, e.g., the
susceptibility is negative away from the magnetic field."
Actually all substances are diamagnetic, but it is a weak
form of magnetism and may be masked by other, stronger
forces, for instance a magnetic field.
from changes induced in the torque by bits of electrons that
oppose the applied magnetic flux. There is thus a weak
negative susceptibility to the magnet. Most organic
compounds, including all plants, are diamagnetic. If plants
are diamagnetic and good growing soil paramagnetic, then we
must be dealing with the yin and yang of
Chinese and Japanese geomancy, or the energy put forth by
the crane and turtle rock formation.
Why are the crane and
turtle rock important? Simply because most of the ancient
Zen gardens that I have observed over the years appeared to
be both paramagnetic/crane and diamagnetic/turtle! This was
observed and documented in the Secret Book of Gardening.
The diamagnetic properties of the flattened turtle rock are
visually obvious by the amount of white quartz in it. One
does not chip pieces of beautiful Zen garden rock to study
its CGS properties, but most quartz is not only recognizable
by sight, it is also either neutral or weakly diamagnetic.
The Nanzen-en stroll
garden of the Kamakura period has several high granite and
low quartz boulder arrangements as does the Ryogen-en garden
designed by Soami. The diamagnetic/paramagnetic, or yin/yang
arrangement is most often seen in the double crane and
turtle configurations. There is also a triple configuration
that has a central granite standing rock and two smaller
granite paramagnetic lower rocks. Tentoku-en, the landscape
garden of the Momoyama period, has a high crane basalt rock
and low turtle limestone rock. Around these rocks an
arrangement of Chinese bellflowers grows in profusion.
Interestingly enough, they grow to the left of the tall
basalt crane rock and on the right side of the flatter
By positioning such
rocks in relationship to the sun and to each other, one can
control plant growth. Apparently the ancients knew about
this yin and yang, diamagnetic/paramagnetic phenomenon and
utilized it in their Zen gardens. That such knowledge is now
lost is demonstrated by the fact that the crane/turtle
arrangement found at the elegant restaurant where my friend
and I had dinner was composed of stones that were both
paramagnetic and not paramagnetic/diamagnetic.
Before we move on to
a discussion of atmospheric ELF radio waves, it is important
that we also define magnetism (ferromagnetism). Ferro
means iron. Magnetism occurs in ferro-magnetic substances
because it is a characteristic of certain metals,
particularly iron, at certain temperatures. Below a certain
temperature, called the Curie point, an increasing magnetic
field applied to iron, or any ferromagnetic substance, will
cause increasing magnetization to a value so high that it
becomes saturated and remains permanently stored, aligned
magnetic moment. It is analogous to a stored DC battery.
are extremely rare in nature, the best known being the
mineral magnetite. Because of the rarity of magnetite, it is
not apt to be the growing force of nature. That does not
mean that magnetism is unimportant in the scheme of life.
In this regard, there
is one last point that should be made. Even though magnetism
is a fixed force, it does vary slightly. There is no such
thing as flat line DC - everything in nature alternates, at
least slightly. The simple fact is that the magnetic field
of the cosmos and the earth alternates far more than the
field of a fixed DC magnet. It is this alternating
earth/cosmic field to which volcanic soil and volcanic rock
resonate, or to which both are susceptible.
As in the case of
plants, water is diamagnetic. The atmosphere, because of the
oxygen, is paramagnetic. Some of my preliminary experiments
at night, during the full moon, indicate a
paramagnetic/diamagnetic, plant, moon, water and soil
relationship in nature. We know that the moon, which is
highly paramagnetic, has a very strong effect on tides,
which are of diamagnetic water. The many volcanic and/or
meteorite cones indicate a paramagnetic moon body even
though I could find no data on this subject from moon rock
It has long been
known that certain Indian tribes planted by the full moon.
There is little doubt in my mind that the American Indian
knew more about good agriculture techniques than modern
agriculturists! As the Sioux brave remarked while watching a
farmer turning under virgin prairie grass, "wrong side up!"
(in Altars of Unknown Stone by Wes Jackson).